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Sadeq Abullah Abdo Alkhadher, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Fatimah Md Yusoff, Narayanan Kannan, Suhaimi Suratman, Sami Muhsen Magam, Najat Masood, Mehrzad Keshavarzifard, Vahab Vaezzadeh and Muhamad Shirwan Abdullah Sani (2016). Distribution and Sources of Linear Alkyl Benzenes (Labs) in Surface Sediments from Johor Bahru Coast and the Kim Kim River, Malaysia. Environmental Forensics, 17(1), 36-47. (SCOPUS, ISI, IF 0.562, Q3).
This study focuses on sewage pollution, which is one of the most important issues concerning Malaysians. The main location of this study is in Johor Bahru as it is one of the most populated areas in Malaysia. The distribution and sources of linear alkyl benzenes (LABs) were evaluated in surface sediments collected from Johor Bahru Coast and the Kim Kim River, Peninsular Malaysia. The samples were extracted, fractionated and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This study found that LABs concentrations ranged from 87.6 to 188.7 ng/g dw and 88.2 to 119.02 ng/g dw in surface sediments from Johor Bahru Coast and the Kim Kim River, respectively. Johor Bahru Coast showed an increasing trend of LABs concentrations due to rapid industrialization and population growth. The ratio of internal to external isomers (I/E ratio) of LABs in sediment samples from Johor Bahru Coast ranged from 1.76 to 2.04 while the I/E ratios in sediments from the Kim Kim River ranged from 1.72 to 1.91. All I/E ratios at Johor Bahru Coast and the Kim Kim River stations indicate that the areas were receiving primary and secondary effluents.